Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant used to treat epilepsy and other neuropathic pain. It works by blocking calcium channels in nerve cells, which prevents the transmission of electrical signals.
Gabapentin is used to treat various types of epilepsy, including focal (partial) and generalized tonic-clonic (GTC). It is also used to relieve chronic pain such as diabetic neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia.
It is taken orally and acts quickly, beginning to work within a few hours after administration. Maximum plasma concentrations are reached 2-4 hours after administration and last for 6-8 hours.
Recommended for patients with focal and GTCS epilepsy; to reduce pain in diabetic neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia; and patients with sleep-wake disturbances.
The recommended dose of Gabapentin is up to 3600 mg/day in divided doses. An individualized approach is required and should be adjusted based on effectiveness and tolerability.
Before you start taking Gabapentin, you should evaluate the risks and benefits, consult with your doctor, and gather information about possible side effects. It is necessary to monitor the development of seizures during use and immediately consult a doctor if they occur.
The most common side effects are drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, headache, stomach upset and fatigue – all of which are generally mild and tolerable. More serious side effects include skin rash, itching and swelling, which may require discontinuation of the drug.
In case of Gabapentin overdose, gastric lavage and the use of activated charcoal are recommended. If necessary, maintenance therapy may be required.
If you miss a dose, it is recommended that you take it as soon as possible and then return to your regular dosing regimen. However, it is worth considering that a dose delay may result in a decrease in the effectiveness of the drug.